Physics is one of the sciences that contribute greatly to the technological and industrial development of a nation. The Knowledge acquired is used to discover and explain the order of the physical environment in a wide range of disciplines such as medicine, energy, industries, telecommunication, agriculture, sports, aviation, conservation and management of the environment. The study of the subject is essential for any student considering a career involving scientific knowledge and critical thinking in solving problems.
In Mount Kenya Academy, we offer both the Kenya certificate of secondary education (KCSE) syllabus examined by the Kenya National Examination Council (KNEC) and the IGCSE physics syllabus examined by the Cambridge International Examinations Board.
Physics as a subject is split in to the following key areas.
Mechanics; it involves the study of bodies in motion under the influence of forces.( linear, circular, and oscillatory motions).
Electricity and magnetism; It deals with the relationship between electric currents and magnetic fields and their extensive applications in the working of electric motors, magnetic relays, transformers, telephone receivers and d.c. generators.
Geometrical optics; It deals with the behaviour of light as it traverses various media. Optical instruments such as telescopes, microscopes, and endoscopes which use fibre optics are discussed.
Waves; In this area propagation of energy through space is discussed. Effects such as refraction, reflection, diffraction and interference of light and sound are well explained using the wave theory.
Thermodynamics; it involves the study of the transformation of heat to other forms of energy with reference to gas behaviour and the accompanying changes in pressure and volume.
Atomic and Nuclear Physics; It involves the study of particles constituting the nucleus and the accompanying energy changes. This area covers radioactivity, nuclear fusion and fission and electronics.
In Mount Kenya Academy senior school, physics is compulsory in forms 1 and 2 for those doing KCSE syllabus and in Year 9 for IGCSE syllabus however it is optional in year 10, year 11, form 3 and 4.
There are four examination papers in IGCSE final year in which the students are registered for either core or extended depending on their academic ability. The exams are done in May/June or October November.
- Paper 1 , multiple choice for all candidates, 45minutes.
- Paper 2, short structured, for core students 1hour 15 minutes.
- Paper 3 short structured for extended students1hour 15 minutes.
- Paper 5 practical for all candidates 1 hour 15 minutes.
- Paper 6 Alternative to practical 1hour 15 minutes.
In the KCSE system of education, students in the final year are entered for 3 examinations done in October /November.
- Physics paper 1 short structured questions 2hours
- Paper 2 physics short structured questions 2hours.
- Physics paper 3 practical session 2hours 15 minutes
It is our desire as a school to continue encouraging the students to take up the subject as it will help them to :
- Use the knowledge acquired in the conservation and management of the environment.
- Appreciate the role physics is playing in promoting health in the society.
- Be innovative and contribute technological and industrial development
- Observe safety precautions in all aspects of life.
- Open up horizons for many available careers.